Internet reporting for all surveys EXCEPT the Survey of Business Owners and Self-Employed Persons will be unavailable on Sunday, April 27, 2014, from 6:30 a.m. until 8:30 a.m., Eastern time.
This section summarizes information about why, how, and which businesses are covered in the
Economic Census, provides links to more specific coverage information, and includes other
Economic Census coverage is virtually economy-wide. It includes businesses that produce 84 percent
of all U.S. goods and services. These business activities take place at some 23 million separate
locations, and in more than 50,000 localities, nationwide.
In conducting the Economic Census, the Census Bureau obtains information about each of these businesses
every 5 years, summarizes it by kind of business and geographic area, and publishes the results in more than 1,700
printed and electronic reports.
Conducting the Economic Census requires a complete and consistent framework to describe (classify) each covered business. Such a framework lets the Census Bureau adapt its forms for different kinds of business and treat businesses that are similar but in different locations comparably. It also allows Economic Census statistics to be used with business statistics from other sources.
The framework used to classify businesses in the Economic Census is the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS). NAICS (used for official business statistics in the United States,
Canada and Mexico) provides over 1,100 detailed industry classifications, and a hierarchy of classification groups that aggregate detailed classifications
into 20 broad business groups or sectors.
In addition to providing virtually complete and comparable U.S. business statistics, the Economic
Census includes other related and integral 5-year data collections. These programs supplement
basic Economic Census statistics on topics or areas of special interest. These census-related
programs are listed and summarized below:
The Survey of Business Owners covers selected minority and nonminority business owners,
and obtains information about owner characteristics, business acquisition and financing methods.
Specialized data products provide useful supplements to economy-wide Economic Census statistics.
The Business Expenses Survey (BES) compiles national data on detailed operating expenses by the kind of business, such as
labor costs, depreciation, rent, utilities, and purchased services. In addition to wholesale, retail, and service businesses
covered in the survey, the BES publication on the Internet also presents expenses data for manufacturing, mining, construction,
and communications industries.
The Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) is a joint effort by the Census Bureau and the Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
This survey produces data on the movement of goods in the United States. Data from the CFS are used by policy analysts, transportation planners, and decision-makers to assess the demand for transportation facilities and services, energy use,
and safety and environmental concerns.
Economic Census Due Date: February 12, 2013
Classification Forms Due Date: 30 days after receipt