Skip Main Navigation Skip To Navigation Content

2012 Economic Census

Business Help Site
Skip top of page navigation

Puerto Rico

This section provides information about census coverage and reporting for establishments in the Economic Census of Puerto Rico. It includes answers to frequently asked questions regarding the Economic Census of Puerto Rico.

 Establishments Covered

The Economic Census of Puerto Rico covers the sectors of mining, utilities, construction, manufacturing; wholesale and retail trades, transportation and warehousing, information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional, scientific, and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and support, waste management and remediation services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment, and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services (except public administration). An overview of each sector is presented below:
  • Mining sector comprises establishments that extract naturally occurring mineral solids. The term mining is used in the broad sense to include quarrying.

  • Utilities sector includes establishments supplying electricity, gas, and water.

  • Construction sector includes operations of establishments primarily engaged in the following broad types of activities:

    • Building construction - Work done by general contractors, special trade contractors, design-builders, developers, or construction managers.

    • Heavy construction - Work on nonbuilding structures, such as highways, sewer lines, power plants, and refineries by contractors, design-builders, developers or construction managers.

    • Land subdivision - Subdividing and developing lots for sale by subdividers.

      "Construction" includes -

      • new or original construction;

      • additions, alterations, rehabilitation, remodeling, or reconstruction; and

      • maintenance, repair, or service work.

  • Manufacturing sector includes establishments primarily engaged in the mechanical, physical, or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products.

  • Wholesale trade sector includes establishments engaged in the selling or arranging the purchase or sale of goods, selling goods for resale, selling capital or durable nonconsumer goods, and selling raw and intermediate materials and supplies used in production.

    Most wholesale establishments exhibit the following characteristics:

    Wholesalers usually operate from a warehouse or office. These warehouses and offices are characterized by having little or no display merchandise. In addition, neither the design nor the location of the premises is intended to solicit walk-in traffic.

    Wholesalers do not usually use advertising directed to the general public. Customers are generally reached initially via telephone, in-person marketing, or by specialized advertising.

  • Retail trade sector includes establishments engaged in selling merchandise, generally without transformation, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise.

  • Transportation and warehousing sector includes transit, ground passenger, air, water, pipeline, and scenic and sightseeing transportation, trucking, warehousing, and storage.

  • Information sector includes establishments engaged in producing and distributing information; providing he means to transmit or distribute information as well as data or communications; and processing the data.

  • Finance and insurance sector includes banks; credit unions; savings institutions; finance, mortgage, and loan companies; securities and commodities brokers, dealers, and exchanges; holding companies, investment companies, pension fund administrators; and insurance carriers, agents (agencies), and brokers (brokerages).

  • Real estate and rental and leasing sector includes real estate operators and lessors; listing, sales, and rental agents (agencies); property management; and other real estate services. Auto and truck rental and leasing; computer and other equipment rental and leasing; video tape rental; and other rental and leasing services.

  • Professional, scientific, and technical services sector includes establishments that specialize in performing professional, scientific, and technical activities that require a high degree of expertise and training. Activities performed are legal advice, accounting, bookkeeping, and payroll services; agricultural engineering, and specialized design services; computer, consulting, research, advertising, photographic, translation services; veterinary services and other professional, scientific, and technical services.

  • Management of companies and enterprises sector includes establishments that hold the securities of companies for the purpose of owning or controlling interest or influencing management decisions; or establishments (except government establishments) that manage establishments of a company to undertake the decision making role of the company.

  • Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services sector includes establishments performing routine support activities for operations of other organizations. The activities performed include: office administration, hiring or placement of personnel, clerical services, solicitation, collection, security services, cleaning and waste disposal services.

  • Educational services sector includes establishments that provide instruction and training in a wide variety of subjects. Examples of these establishments are business, secretarial or court reporting schools, computer training and or computer repair, professional and management development training, technical or vocational schools, fine arts schools, sports and recreation schools, language schools, and other training schools. Excluded from this sector are academic schools, colleges, and universities.

  • Health care and social assistance sector includes establishments providing health care and social assistance for individuals. Services provided by these establishments are delivered by trained professionals.

  • Arts, entertainment, and recreation sector includes establishments engaged in producing, promoting, or participating in live performances, events, or exhibits for the public; preserving and exhibiting objects and sites historical and cultural interest; and operating facilities or providing services for recreational purposes.

  • Accommodation and food services sector includes establishments providing lodging or short-term accommodations and complementary services and/or preparing meals, snacks, and beverages to customer order for immediate consumption, primarily on the premises.

  • Other services (except public administration) sector includes establishments engaged in providing services not specifically provided for elsewhere in the classification system.


The census covers all in-scope establishments that have at least one paid employee.

Questions and Forms in this Sector

back to top  back to faq

The letters PDF or the PDF icon indicate a document is in the Portable Document Format (PDF). To view the file you will need the Adobe® Reader, which is available for free from the Adobe web site.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau | EC2012 BHS Team |   Last Revised: March 10, 2016 10:47:46