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Business R&D and Innovation Survey (BRDI-1)

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About the Survey


To provide detailed statistics on global and domestic R&D expenses of U.S. based companies as well as statistics on the R&D workforce, intellectual property, technology transfer activities and innovation. The survey is conducted under the authority of Title 13,United States Code, Sections 8(b), 131, and 182, and Title 42, United States Code, Sections 1861-76 (National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended). Sections 224 and 225 of Title 13 require your response. The U.S. Census Bureau is required by Section 9 of the same law to keep your information CONFIDENTIAL and can use your responses only to produce statistics. The Census Bureau is not permitted to publicly release your responses in a way that could identify your business, organization, or institution. Per the Federal Cybersecurity Enhancement Act of 2015, your data are protected from cybersecurity risks through screening of the systems that transmit your data.


All domestic, non-farm, for-profit businesses with more than 5 employees.


Basic data for each year to include financial measures of R&D activity, measures related to R&D employment, measures related to R&D management and strategy, and measures related to intellectual property, technology transfer activities, and innovation.


Data collection begins within the first 3 months of each year and continues for 9 months; data are for activities in the prior calendar year. Data have been collected annually on the Business R&D and Innovation Survey since 2008, and, prior to that, on the Survey of Industrial Research and Development Survey since 1957.


A survey of approximately 45,000 companies with 5 or more employees. Published data are weighted totals for all covered businesses and accompanied by standard error information. More detailed information on survey methodology can be found at http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/srvyindustry/.


The National Science Foundation will release detailed reports.


Policy officials from many Federal agencies rely on these statistics for essential information. Government policy officials who are involved in assessing the role of the Federal government in promoting economic growth use R&D statistics in their decision-making processes since R&D results affect technological and economic progress. Members of Congress make extensive use of R&D statistics in preparing tax legislation, contacting NSF or the Census Bureau directly through their own staffs, through one of the House or Senate science committees, or through the Congressional Research Service. U.S. R&D expenditures statistics are used by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) to update the System of National Accounts.

Researchers are able to analyze the relationships between R&D funding and other economic variables by using micro-level data.

Special Features

Provides the only comprehensive R&D expense data covering all domestic non-farm businesses and detailed expenses by type and industry.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | BHS Team |   Last Revised: January 04, 2018 14:13:53